Splitting the papacy is substantial error and invalidates the attempted resignation by Benedict. It does not matter what Benedict thinks. What matters is what the law says.
- Both substantial error and fear invalidates whatever Benedict tried to do.
Can. 131 §1. The ordinary power of governance is that which is joined to a certain office by the law itself; delegated, that which is granted to a person but not by means of an office.
The 2013 conclave elected a regent, not another pope, to carry out the duties or active ministry of the papacy.
Bro. Alexis, which I cover in Part IV, does an excellent job bringing this point out in Benedict’s Declaratio. A declaration is not a resignation nor a renouncement by Benedict of the office of the Pope.
The Pope can and does delegate any number of duties and functions to others. It is by munus of his papal office that he has the authority to do this. Bergoglio performing the duties does so not because he has become Pope but because the rightful Pope Benedict has given him the power to do so. Bergoglio is a type of regent, not Pope. Delegating responsibilities does not delegate the office. This is a money quote @18:56 by Barnhardt.
A final essential point I will draw out for consideration, which does not exhaust Ann’s presentation, is highlighting the horrific influence of German Theologians. There is an old quip ‘modern heresies originate out of Germany’.
I downloaded J. Miller’s doctoral dissertation, as Ann suggested, to be used as a Rosetta stone in understanding Teutonic Theology. I will return to this point in Part V.