II Sacred Heart
1 Historical setting
Meditating on the Five Wounds of Jesus with special emphasis on the Wound to His heart was seems to date to the eleventh or twelfth century. Franciscans promoted this practice. In the 1600’s, after the Reformation was ravishing Europe, St. John Eudes, who propagated the devotion and even established a feast for it, was first celebrated on August 31, 1670 in the Grand Seminary in Rennes, France. The fact that he was canonized, indicated the Church’s approval of this devotion.
2 St. Margaret Mary Alacoque brief bio
St. Margaret Mary Alacoque (to the rooster) a 1600’s nun and mystic, Jesus called her “the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart” and the heiress “of all Its treasures”
Daughter of Claude Alacoque and Philiberte Lamyn, Margaret was born on July 22, at L’Hautecour, Burgundy, France, was sent to the Poor Clares school at Charolles on the death of her father, a notary, when she was eight years old. She was bedridden for five years with rheumatic fever until she was fifteen and early developed a devotion to the Blessed Sacrament. She refused marriage, and in 1671 she entered the Visitation convent at Paray-le-Monial and was professed the next year.
From the time she was twenty, she experienced visions of Christ, and on December 27, 1673, she began a series of revelations that were to continue over the next year and a half. In them Christ informed her that she was His choseninstrument to spread devotion to His Sacred Heart, instructed her in a devotion that was to become known as the Nine Fridays and the Holy Hour, and asked that the feast of the Sacred Heart be established.
Rebuffed by her superior, Mother de Saumaise, in her efforts to follow the instruction she had received in the visions, she eventually won her over but was unable to convince a group of theologians of the validity of her apparitions, nor was she any more successful with many of the members of her community. She received the support of Blessed Claude La Colombiere, the community’s confessor for a time, who declared that the visions were genuine.
In 1683, opposition in the community ended when Mother Melin was elected Superior and named Margaret Mary her assistant. She later became Novice Mistress, saw the convent observe the feast of the Sacred Heart privately beginning in 1686, and two years later, a chapel was built at the Paray-le-Monial to honor the Sacred Heart; soon observation of the feast of the Sacred Heart spread to other Visitation convents. Margaret Mary died at the Paray-le-Monial on October 17, and was canonized in 1920.
She, St. John Eudes, and Blessed Claude La Colombiere are called the “Saints of the Sacred Heart”; the devotion was officially recognized and approved by Pope Clement XIII in 1765, seventy-five years after her death. Her feast day is observed on October 17.
Strong devotion in France Paray-le-Monial. Life of suffering. Those that should have believed and supported her did not.
Plague Albert Camus priest talks person writing chronicles of the plague in Algiers. Priest says, “All day to day things we do not hard. True grace comes from suffering. Person most closely identifies with God.” St. Margaret Mary’s suffering had supernatural merit from eyes of heaven. Nothing wasted in economy of salvation, love of Christ in Sacred Heart. Each suffering is pearl of great price.
Definition, recalling last shows definition https://karen-early.com/archive/rosary-marian-apparitions/
St. Margaret Mary had many visions of Jesus in which he asked her to spread devotion to His Sacred heart. He instructed St. Margaret Mary and how to do it. As with the rosary, Sister was given the practice. She did not invent the devotion. Dominic given the Rosary by our Lady. St. Faustina given Chaplet of Mercy by the Lord.
 https://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=443 accessed May 11, 2020