O Antiphons VII

  1. December 21 (Ps. 106.10) (Is 9:1-2)

O Day-Spring, Brightness of light eternal, and Sun of Justice, come and enlighten them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death (twice mentioned)

Ps 106: 10 Such as sat in darkness and in the shadow of death: bound in want and in iron.

Is 9 At the first time the land of Zebulon, and the land of Naphtali was lightly touched: and at the last the way of the sea beyond the Jordan of the Galilee of the Gentiles was heavily loaded.

The people that walked in darkness, have seen a great light: to them that dwelt in the region of the shadow of death, light is risen.

  1. December 22 (Aggeus 2.8; Ephesians 2.14, 20) (Is 2:4)

O King of the Gentiles and the desire thereof, Thou cornerstone that makest both one, come and deliver mankind, whom Thou didst form out of the clay.

Aggeus= Haggai 10th minor prophet

Hag 2: And I will move all nations: AND THE DESIRED OF ALL NATIONS SHALL COME: and I will fill this house with glory: saith the Lord of hosts.

Eph 2: 14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and breaking down the middle wall of partition, the enmities in his flesh:

Eph 2: 20 Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone:

Is 2:And he shall judge the Gentiles, and rebuke many people: and they shall turn their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into sickles: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they be exercised any more to war.

A shift in his titles wisdom, Lord, Key of David, Root of Jesse OT, wisdom literature, lineage


Day spring from OT to NT Rex Gentium some titles are rooted others are predictive

Mary morning star, stella Maris luminescent quality, first light

King of Nations, desired of nations he alone fill all desires

Infant babe immediate hopes of glory of possibility, He is the desire, He will fulfill all of these desires from the infancy

Ero Cras tomorrow ero I will, longing fond in those terms

XII. December 23 (Isaias 7.14: 33.22) (Is 7:14)

O Emmanuel, our King and Lawgiver, the desire of the nations and the Saviour thereof, come to save us, O Lord our God.

Is 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign. Behold a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and his name shall be called Emmanuel.

Is 33: 22 For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our king: he will save us.

Virgin or young woman?

‘almah= word in text, young woman

bethulah= virgin

  1. Determine meaning of word with how it is used throughout the Scriptures

7x in SS ‘almah used for virgin (Gen 24:43; Ex 2:8; Is 7:14; Ps 68:26 MT; Prov 30:19; Song of Solomon 1:3; 6:8)

  1. Jewish translators of the Greek-Septuagint was 200 years BEFORE THE BIRTH of Jesus translated to virgin
  1. What is miraculous about a young woman giving birth?

Originalist construction young woman is different from married woman. Next phase of life is not called ‘young’.

There could be a preliminary fulfillment with the birth of Hezekiah the suffering savior-king, and the use of ‘almah as maiden would fit. But later on Immanuel God-with-us is truly fulfilled.

David is King of the Jews and is a type of the true King of the Jews Jesus